Before the discovery of paper, human beings used clay liquefied materials and plant mashed liquefied materials as materials to draw pictures and letters on flat rocks. According to the established theory, paper was invented by Cai Lun in the post-Han era of China at year 105, but it seems uncertain because the paper was discovered in the ruins of the pre-Han era. It was printed around the 7th century, and woodblock printing was the first printing.
Let's start with "What is printing?"
Printing refers to printing characters and pictures on a medium such as paper. Nowadays, it is commonplace to print photographs, etc., and it is now time to print not only on 2D but also on curved surfaces and complicated 3D media.
There are 4 main types of screens used for printing.
Put simply, it is a seal or print. Printing in which ink is applied to the letterpress and transferred is called letterpress.
Another name is gravure printing, which is the opposite of letterpress, and ink is applied to the recesses for transfer.
Also known as offset printing, a special resin is thinly applied to a metal plate, and a film is attached to the part to be printed to transfer light. Apply ink to that part and transfer the ink to the rubber roller once. Then transfer the roller to paper.
Make a hole in the part that want to print on the cloth-like part (formerly silk printing) that will be the screen, scrape the ink with a roller or squeegee, and transfer the ink from the hole part.
It is a printing method using a screen frame. The screen frame is made by weaving fibers such as stainless steel and polyester in a grid pattern. Just like a tennis or badminton net.
It is classified as "stencil printing" in which paste (functional material) is passed through the mesh of the screen frame and transferred to the substrate (object).
It covers a wide range of fields, from printing letters and patterns on signboards and T-shirts to printing wiring for electronic devices.
In particular, while the technology called printed electronics is drawing attention, it is a construction method that is in increasing demand from the viewpoint of high productivity, low cost, and low environmental load.
Printed electronics refers to the use of printing technology to form electrical circuits and the like.
Printing technology is also used for the electronic devices around us and the small parts (sensors, boards, etc.) inside the smartphones you use.
3conditions to realize optimum screen printing.
The setting of the optimum conditions for the paste is important.
Optimized screen mask specifications
Optimized printing conditions by screen printing
Screen printing requires a paste, a screen, and a screen printer. The specifications of each of these items are shown below.
Type, ratios of filler, resin, solvent, additive, etc., viscosity
Silk gauze material, tension, type of silk gauze frame, bias
Type and hardness of squeegee, attack angle, clearance, squeegee and scraper speeds, pressure of printing
What is most important for better printing is the rheology of the paste. Printing quality depends greatly on it.
The next important factor is the proper specifications of the screen mask.
Although the optimum paste and screen mask almost determine printing quality, there is one more requirement for better printing: the optimum printing conditions of the screen printer.
Printing area：150mm. It is a compact screen printer that has all the necessary functions. Supports small size printing with a print area of 150 mm or less. It is also ideal for research and development applications.
Max. printing area: approx. 250mm (when use □550mm frame). It is a screen printer that is not only reliable but also easy to use. There are many options available, and it is compatible with various substrates such as green sheets and silicon wafers for solar cells.
Max. printing area: approx. 550mm (when use □1100mm frame). It is a large single type standard screen printer. It is a screen printer that has both operability and quality even for large machines while increasing rigidity for large machines.
Max. printing area: approx. 750mm (when use □1300mm frame). The MTP-1300 series is the largest screen printer among single type standard machines. As with the MT-650 series / MTP-1100 series, by adopting the original mechanism for the squeegee head driving unit and table driving unit, it is possible to maintain accuracy even with a large size.
Corresponding frame size: 450 mm x 450 mm to 550 mm x 650 mm. It is an IoT compatible printer that gives the MT-650 series a communication function.
It is a machine that supports printing on curved substrates such as in-vehicle displays, instrument panels, and emblems. Micro-tec's unique mechanism allows you to freely print not only single concave surfaces and convex surfaces, but also S-shaped curved surfaces.
The squeegee pressure, the flood blade pressure, and the back pressure can be individually set with the aid of a precision regulator and digital display.
Adopted for squeegee travel is a linear travel mechanism comprising an AC servomotor and a steel belt (PAT・P), featuring low vibration and high linearity.
To maintain the set optimum printing conditions and reduce the effect of the long secular change in machine accuracy on printing accuracy, the movement of the drive unit is minimized, and the printing plate frame is fastened to a highly rigid base supported by four columns.
We accept various options and modifications
according to the application and budget.
Please feel free to contact us
about screen printing machines.